About colpoxerisis.... a useful list of terms (really useful, not a joke...)

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Posted by Riccardo ( on August 03, 2001 at 02:46:45:

I hope this list of prefixes and suffixes related to medical jargon may be useful.
(At least to create new words.... like I have a colpoxerisis and my husband got a gonadotropic polyuria caused by basicranial ostheoclasis that give him a penis myoedema.... in few words... my husband spend all the time to piss and I want some sex NOW!.....)

Suffix Meaning Example

a- Without, lack of Acentric (without a center)

ab- Away from, from Abterminal (away from the end)

-able Capable Viable (capable of living)

acou- Hearing Acoustics (science of sounds)

acro- Extremity, peak Acromegaly (large extremities)

acu- Needle Acupuncture (insertion of needles)

ad- To, toward, near to Adrenal (near the kidney)

adeno- Gland Adenoma (glandular tumor)

adipo- Fat Adipocyte (fat cell)

aero- Air, gas Aerobic (growing in presence of oxygen)

-agogue Leading, inducing Galactagogue (promoting the flow of milk)

-al Expressing relationship Neural (referring to nerves)

-algia Pain Gastralgia (stomach pain)

allotri- Strange, foreign Allotriuria (strange condition of the urine)

ambi- Both Ambilateral (affecting both sides)

amphi- Both Amphibious (on land and in water)

an- Without, lack of Anaerobic (without oxygen)

ana- Up, back, again Anatomy (a cutting up)

andro- Male Androcyte (male sex cell)

angio- Vessel Angiography (radiography of blood vessels)

ante- Before, forward Antecubital (before elbow)

anti- Against, reversed Antiperistalsis (reversed peristalsis)

apo- Separation, off Apocope (cutting off)

arthr- Joint Arthritis (inflammation of a joint)

-ary Associated with Urinary (associated with urine)

-ase Enzyme Amylase (catalyzes the hydrolysis of starch)

-asis Condition, state of Homeostasis (state of staying the same)

atelo- Incomplete Atelopodia (incomplete development of foot)

auto- Self Autolysis (self breakdown)

basi- Base or foundation Basicranial (base of skull)

bi- Twice, double Bilateral (both sides)

bio- Live Biology (study of living)

-blast- Bud, germ Fibroblast (fiber - producing cell)

brady- Slow Bradycardia (slow heart rate)

brevi- Short Brevicollis (shortness of the neck)

bucco- Cheek Buccally (toward the cheek)

-c Expressing relationship Cardiac (referring to heart)

carcin- Cancer Carcinogenic (causing cancer)

cardio- Heart Cardiopathy (heart disease)

cata- Down, lower Catabolism (breaking down)

cephal- Head Cephalic (toward the head)

-cele Hollow, cavity Blastocele (cavity inside a blastocyst)

celio- Abdomen Celioma (tumor of the abdomen)

cerebro- Brain Cerebrospinal (referring to brain and spinal cord)

chol- Bile Acholic (without bile)

cholecyst- Gallbladder Cholecystokinin (causes gallbladder contraction)

chondr- Cartilage Chondrocyte (cartilage cell)

chrono- Time Chronobiology (effect of time on living systems)

-cide Kill Bactericide (agent that kills bacteria)

circum- Around, about Circumduction (circular movement)

-clast- Smash, break Osteoclast (cell that breaks down bone)

co- With, together Coenzyme (molecule that functions with an enzyme)

colpo- Vagina Colpoxerosis (abnormal dryness of vagina)

com- With, together Commissure (coming together)

con- With, together Convergence (to incline together)

contra- Against, opposite Contralateral (opposite side)

copro- Feces Coprology (study of the feces)

crypto- Hidden Cryptorchidism (undescended or hidden testes)

cyano- Blue Cyanosis (bluish discoloration)

cysto- Bladder or sac Cystocele (hernia of a bladder)

-cyte- Cell Erythrocyte (red blood cell)

cyto- Cell Cytoskeleton (supportive fibers inside a cell)

de- Away from Dehydrate (remove water)

demi- Half Demilune (halfmoon or crescent shaped)

derm- Skin Dermatology (study of the skin)

di- Two Diploid (two sets of chromosomes)

dia- Through, apart, across Diapedesis (ooze through)

dis- Reversal, apart from Dissect (cut apart)

-duct- Draw Abduct (lead away from)

-dynia Pain Mastodynia (breast pain)

dys- Difficult, bad Dysmentia (bad mind)

e- Out, away from Eviscerate (take out viscera)

ec- Out from Ectopic (out of place)

ecto- On outer side Ectoderm (outer skin)

-ectomy Cut out Appendectomy (cut out the appendix)

-edem- Swell Myoedema (swelling of a muscle)

em- In Empyema (pus in)

-emia Blood Anemia (deficiency of blood)

en- In Encephalon (in the brain)

endo- Within Endometrium (within the uterus)

entero- Intestine Enteritis (inflammation of the intestine)

epi- Upon, on Epidermis (on the skin)

erythro- Red Erythrocyte (red blood cell)

eu- Well, good Euphoria (well-being)

ex- Out, away from Exhalation (breathe out)

exo- Outside, on outer side Exogenous (originating outside)

extra- Outside Extracellular (outside the cell)

-facient Causing, making Abortifacient (causing abortion)

-ferent Carry Afferent (carrying into a location)

-ferous Producing, bearing Odoriferous (giving off an odor)

-form Expressing resemblance Fusiform (resembling a fusion)

galacto- Milk Galactophygous (arresting milk secretion)

gastro- Stomach Gastrodynia (stomach ache)

-gen Producing Cryogen (producing cold)

-genesis Produce, origin Pathogenesis (origin of disease)

gloss- Tongue Hypoglossal (under the tongue)

glyco- Sugar, sweet Glycolysis (breakdown of sugar)

-gram A drawing Myogram (drawing of a muscle contraction)

-graph Instrument that records Myograph (instrument measuring muscle contraction)

helio- Sun Heliosis (sunstroke)

hem- Blood Hemolysis (breakdown of blood)

hemi- Half Hemiplegia (paralysis of half of the body)

hepato- Liver Hepatitis (inflammation of the liver)

hetero- Different, other Heterozygous (different genes for a trait)

hexa- Six Hexamer (contains six monomers)

hist- Tissue Histology (study of tissues)

homeo- Same Homeostasis (state of staying the same)

hydro- Wet, water Hydrocephalus (fluid within the head)

hyper- Over, above, excessive Hypertrophy (overgrowth)

hypo- Under, below, deficient Hypotension (low blood pressure)

hyster- Uterus Hysterectomy (removal of uterus)

-ia Expressing condition Neuralgia (pain in nerve)

-iatr- Treat, cure Pediatrics (treatment of children)

-id Expressing condition Flaccid (state of being weak)

idio- Self-produced Idiopathic (self-originated, of unknown cause)

im- Not Impermeable (not permeable)

in- In, into Injection (forcing fluid into)

infra- Below Infraorbital (below the eye)

inter- Between Intercostal (between the ribs)

intra- Within Intraocular (within the eye)

ipsi- Same Ipsilateral (same side)

-ism Condition, state of Dimorphism (condition of two forms)

iso- Equal Isotonic (same tension)

-itis Inflammation Gastritis (inflammation of the stomach)

-ity Expressing condition Acidity (condition of acid)

juxta- Near or adjoining Juxtaspinal (close to spinal column)

kerato- Cornea or horny tissue Keratinization (formation of a hard tissue)

-kin- Move Kinesiology (study of movement)

lact- Milk Lactation (secretion of milk)

leuko- White Leukocyte (white blood cell)

-liga- Bind Ligament (structure that binds bone to bone)

lipo- Fat Lipolysis (breakdown of fats)

litho- Stone, calculus Lithogenic (promoting formation of calculi)

-logy Study Histology (study of tissue)

-lysis Breaking up, dissolving Glycolysis (breakdown of sugar)

macro- Large Macrophage (large phagocytic cell)

mal- Bad Malnutrition (bad nutrition)

-mania Madness Necromania (morbid attraction to dead bodies)

malaco- Soft Osteomalacia (soft bone)
mammo- Breast Mammogram (X-ray film of breasts)

mast- Breast Mastectomy (excision of the breast)

mega- Great Megacolon (large colon)

melano- Black Melanocyte (black pigment producing skin cell)

meso- Middle, mid Mesoderm (middle skin)

meta- Beyond, after, change Metastasis (beyond original position)

micro- Small Microorganism (small organism)

mito- Thread, filament Mitosis (threadlike chromosomes/cell division)

mono- One, single Monosaccharide (one sugar)

-morph- Form Morphology (study of form)

multi- Many, much Multinucleated (two or more nuclei)

myelo- Marrow, spinal cord Myeloid (derived from bone marrow)

myo- Muscle Myocardium (heart muscle)

narco- Numbness Narcotic (drug producing stupor or weakness)

necro- Death Necropsy (examination of dead body)

neo- New Neonatal (first four weeks of life)

nephro- Kidney Nephrectomy (removal of a kidney)

neuro- Nerve Neuritis (inflammation of a nerve)

oculo- Eye Oculomotor (movement of the eye)

odonto- Tooth or teeth Odontomy (cutting a tooth)

-oid Expressing resemblance Epidermoid (resembling epidermis)

oligo- Few, scanty, little Oliguria (little urine)

-oma Tumor Carcinoma (cancerous tumor)

omni- All Omnidirectional (involving all directions)

-op- See Myopia (nearsighted)

ophthalm- Eye Ophthalmology (study of the eye)

ortho- Straight, normal Orthodontics (straightening of teeth)

-ory Referring to Olfactory (relating to the sense of smell)

-ose Full of Adipose (full of fat)

-osis A condition of Osteoporosis (porous condition of bone)

osteo- Bone Osteocyte (bone cell)

oto- Ear Otolith (ear stone)

-ous Expressing material Serous (composed of serum)

pan- All Panphobia (fear of everything)

para- Beside, beyond, near to Paranasal (near the nose)

-pathy Disease Cardiopathy (disease of the heart)

pedo- Child Pedophilic (fond of children)

-penia Deficiency Thrombocytopenia (deficiency of thrombocytes)

penta- Five Pentamer (contains five monomers)

per- Through, excessive Permeate (pass through)

peri- Around Periosteum (around bone)

-phag- Eat Dysphagia (difficult eating or swallowing)

-phas- Speak, utter Aphasia (unable to speak)

-phil- Like, love Hydrophilic (water-loving)

phleb- Vein Phlebotomy (incision into a vein)

phlogo- Inflammation Phlogogenic (causing inflammation)

-phobia Fear Hydrophobia (fear of water)

phyto- Plant Phytoestrogens (estrogens from plant sources)

-plas- Form, grow Neoplasm (new growth)

-plegia Paralyze Paraplegia (paralysis of lower limbs)
pleo- More than one Pleomorphism (having more than one form)

-pne- Breathe Apnea (lack of breathing)

pneumo- Air, gas, or lungs Pneumothorax (air in the thorax)

pod- Foot Podiatry (treatment of foot disorders)

-poie- Make Hematopoiesis (make blood cells)

poly- Many, much Polycythemia (excess red blood cells)

post- After, behind Postpartum (after childbirth)

pre- Before, in front of Prenatal (before birth)

pro- Before, in front of Prosect (to cut before-for demonstration)

procto- Anus, rectum Proctoscope (instrument for examining the rectum)

pseudo- False Pseudostratified (falsely layered)

psycho- Mind, soul Psychosomatic (effect of the mind on the body)

pyo- Pus Pyoderma (pus in the skin)

quasi- Almost, resembling Quasidominance (mimicking dominant inheritance)

re- Back, again, contrary Reflect (bend back)

reno- Kidney Renocortical (cortex of kidney)

retro- Backward, located behind Retroperitoneal (behind the peritoneum)

rhino- Nose Rhinodynia (pain in nose)

-rrhagia Burst forth, pour Hemorrhage (bleed)

-rrhea Flow, discharge Rhinorrhea (nasal discharge)

sarco- Flesh or fleshy Sarcoma (connective tissue tumor)

sclero- Hard Arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)

-scope Examine Endoscope (instrument)

semi- Half Semilunar (shaped like half a moon)

somato- Body Somatotropin (hormone causing body growth)

-stasis Stop, stand still Hemostasis (stop bleeding)

-stat Inhibit Bacteriostat (inhibiting growth of bacteria)

steno- Narrow Stenosis (narrow canal)

-stomy Make artificial opening Tracheostomy (make an opening into the trachea)

sub- Under Subcutaneous (under skin)

super- Above, upper, excessive Supercilia (upper brows)

supra- Above, upon Suprarenal (above kidney)

sym- Together, with Symphysis (growing together)

syn- Together, with Synapsis (joining together)

tachy- Fast, swift Tachycardia (rapid heart rate)

tetra- Four Tetracetate (four acetic acid molecules)

therm- Heat Thermometer (device for measuring heat)

toco- Labor Tocophobia (dread of childbirth)

-tomy Cut, incise Phlebotomy (incision of a vein)

tox- Poison Antitoxin (substance effective against poison)

trans- Across, through, beyond Transection (cut across)

tri- Three Triceps (three-headed muscle)

-troph- Nourish Hypertrophy (enlargement or overnourishment)

-tropic Changing, influencing Gonadotropic (influencing the gonads)

ultra- Excess, beyond Ultraviolet (beyond violet end of spectrum)

uni- One Unilateral (one side)

-uria Urine Polyuria (excess urine)

vaso- Vessel Vasoactive (affecting caliber of blood vessels)

vene- Vein Venesection (phlebotomy)

viscer- Internal organ Visceromotor (movement of internal organs)

vivi- Alive Vivisection (surgery on living animals)

xeno- Foreign Xenograft (graft of tissue to another species)

zoo- Animal Zoogenous (acquired from animals)

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